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West Coast Mauritius: Uncovering the History and Culture

Updated: May 22, 2023

The west coast of Mauritius is rich in history and culture, and understanding the island's roots is essential for any traveler looking to gain a deeper understanding of the region. From the island's earliest inhabitants to the influences of colonialism and slavery, the history of the west coast of Mauritius is a complex and fascinating one. In this report, we will guide you through some of the key aspects of the history and culture of the west coast of Mauritius.


  1. The First Inhabitants: The first inhabitants of Mauritius were the Dutch, who arrived in the early 17th century. They named the island after Prince Maurice of Nassau, and established a small settlement on the island. However, the Dutch were unable to establish a successful colony, and the island was abandoned by the end of the century.

  2. French and British colonization: The French and British colonized the island in the 18th century, and the island was known as Île de France. The French developed the island's economy, bringing in slaves from Africa to work on the sugar cane plantations. The British took control of the island in 1810 and renamed it Mauritius.

  3. Slavery and its abolition: The island's economy was based on slavery, and many of the island's inhabitants were enslaved Africans brought to the island to work on the sugar cane plantations. The British abolished slavery in 1835, and the island's economy shifted towards smallholdings and cash crops.

  4. Creole culture: The island's diverse population has led to the development of a unique Creole culture, which is a blend of African, Indian, Chinese and European influences. This can be seen in the island's music, food, and traditional customs.

  5. The Tamil Heritage: The Tamil heritage of the island is still visible in the west coast of Mauritius, where many Tamils settled during the colonial period. Visitors can see the Tamils temples and festivals, such as Pongal and Diwali.

  6. The Cultural Heritage: The island's cultural heritage can be seen in the traditional customs and festivals, such as the Creole festival and the Chinese Lantern Festival. Visitors can also see the traditional dance and music, such as Sega and Bhojpuri.

In conclusion, the west coast of Mauritius has a rich history and culture, which is shaped by the island's diverse population and influences. From the island's earliest inhabitants to the abolition of slavery and the development of a unique Creole culture, the west coast of Mauritius offers a fascinating glimpse into the island's past and present.



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