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The History of Le Morne Brabant

Updated: May 22, 2023

Le Morne Brabant is a UNESCO World Heritage Site located in Mauritius. This stunning mountain has a fascinating story, unique flora and fauna, and a range of activities that visitors can enjoy. In this guide, we will dive deep into the history and natural wonders of Le Morne Brabant to provide you with all the information you need to plan your visit.

The abolition of slavery in Mauritius

The abolition of slavery in Mauritius was a significant event in the country's history. On February 1, 1835, slavery was officially abolished on the island, leading to the freedom of thousands of enslaved people who had been brought to Mauritius to work in the sugar cane fields. This event was a result of years of campaigning by abolitionists on the island and abroad. It was also influenced by the increasing pressure from Britain, which had already abolished slavery in its own territories in 1833.

The governor of Mauritius, Sir William Nicolay, officially proclaimed the abolition of slavery on the island. The announcement was met with great joy and celebration by the enslaved people who had been waiting for this moment for years. Since then, the first of February has been commemorated annually in Mauritius as the day when slavery was abolished.

One of the key events of the annual Commemoration of the Abolition of Slavery is the laying of wreaths at the Monument of Slavery. This ceremony is attended by government officials, members of the public, and representatives from the Mauritian Creole community, which is descended from the enslaved population. Other events that take place during the commemoration include cultural performances, exhibitions, and talks about the history and legacy of slavery in Mauritius.

Despite the abolition of slavery, the legacy of the system continues to be felt in Mauritius to this day. Many of the descendants of the enslaved population still face social and economic marginalisation, and there is ongoing debate about how to address the structural inequalities that have been created by centuries of exploitation.

One way that Mauritius has sought to address these issues is through the promotion of cultural heritage and the recognition of the contributions of the enslaved population. This includes the celebration of traditional music, dance, and cuisine, which are all important elements of the country's cultural identity.

The Natural Wonders of Le Morne Brabant

Le Morne Brabant is not only a site of historical importance but also a place of incredible natural beauty. The mountain is home to a wide variety of plant and animal species, many of which are found nowhere else in the world.

The endemic flora of Le Morne Brabant includes several species of rare plants and trees. The mountain is also home to a diverse range of wildlife, including monkeys, fruit bats, and numerous bird species.

In addition to its natural wonders, Le Morne Brabant is also known for its stunning beaches and crystal-clear waters. Visitors can enjoy a range of water activities, such as snorkelling, diving, and kiteboarding, or simply relax on the pristine beaches.


Le Morne Brabant is a destination that offers a unique combination of historical significance and natural beauty. Visitors can learn about the history of slavery in Mauritius and the contributions of the enslaved population, while also enjoying the stunning flora and fauna of the mountain and the crystal-clear waters of the surrounding beaches. Whether you're interested in history, nature, or adventure, Le Morne Brabant has something to offer everyone.

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